Friday, February 20, 2009

Nutrients for Children's Brain Development

Often parents especially new one wonder what nutrients that are needed for their newborn babies. These are important nutrients for children's brain development:

Gangliosides (GA)

GA is a type of compound that occurs naturally in cell membranes. It is found in high concentrations in the brain, particularly n the gray matter of the brain (thinking and memory areas) as well as the central nervous system. GA is also found abundantly in the neuronal membranes, particularly at the synapses where they play an important role in the interactions between cells. Efficient message transmission leads to better learning ability in your child.

GA can promote neuronal growth and developments which leads to increased synapse formation in the brain. This increase in synapses formation can help improve learning ability. Research has shown that GA may enhance learning ability and memory retention.

In summary:
• GA is a type of fat which is highly concentrated in the brain.
• GA helps with brain cell connections.
• More brain cell connections lead to faster learning.
• Research shows that GA may enhance learning ability and memory retention.


Neuron connections.
Neuron and their connections.
Sialic Acid (SA)

SA is a type of substance that supports brain growth and neural transmission. It is an important component of brain tissues. Children's brain cell membranes contain 20 times more SA than other types of cell membranes in the body.

Faster neural transmission leads to better learning ability in your children. Studies on mammals have shown that SA is associated with improved learning ability. Breast milk is a rich source of SA and researchers suggest that SA is linked to increased brain cell connections in children.
Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)

DHA molecule.
A DHA molecule.
Remember the synapses? DHA is used by the body as a building material for the formation of synapses. DHA is highly concentrated in the membrane of synapses compared to other places in the body. More synapses indicate increased brain
development and better learning.

DHA also helps with neurotransmission. When information (in the foem of an electric signal) arrive at a synapse, it is taken across to the next neuron by chemicals called neurotransmitters. Changes in the membrane wall allow the information to go through to the next neuron. DHA makes it easier for this change to occur. If the brain does not receive enough DHA, the strength of the information becomes weaker, and less connections will be made.

What about myelin? DHA and other fats in the breast milk contribute direct to brain growth by providing the right substances for manufacturing myelin and insulating them so that these pathways can carry information more quickly, leading to better learning.

Neurotransmitter and synapse.
Neurotransmitter at synapse.
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)

Essential fatty acids are also important because your child body needs EFAs for proper growth and better neural development as they are also an important component of cell membranes. EFAs cannot be made by our bodies, so we have to obtain them from the foods we eat.

Other nutrient

Besides GA, SA, DHA and EFAs, Iron is also an important nutrient for brain development. It is critical for maintaining an adequate number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, which help to oxygenate the brain and help it grows. It is also needed for the production of neurotransmitters and myelin. Iron deficiency has been inked to alterations in neurotransmission and delays in brain development of young children.

All the above key substances, as well as a whole bundle of other nutrients, help to promote growing and learning in your child.

Monday, February 16, 2009

C-Shaped Legs in Children

Child's leg which bend and curved C-shaped may be caused by the condition of soft and weak bone. Usually this problem is more obvious when children start walking or "weight bearing".

This weak and soft condition of bone can be attributed by a number of diseases related to absorption of calcium into the bone and vitamin D deficiency.


This vitamin D deficiency disease can happen if vitamin D supply needed by the body is lacking from foods eaten or caused disturbance of vitamin D processing in the body.

The weak and soft bone cause is identifiable by special test. It is advised you to bring your child to see the specialist doctor so that causes of disease is traceable and specific treatment may be given before this problem becoming more serious.


Stopping Nail Biting and Thumb Sucking Habit among Children

Repetitive nail biting is one of the habits among children and teenagers. This habit happens about 30 per cent among children aged between seven to 10 years old and about 45 percent among teenagers.

It is not a phase that children must go through. It happens without the persons being aware because nail biting is one of the psychological habits to reduce the stress that they have.

They also can bite their nails when they feel excited or bored. This habit sometimes is learned from other family members who experience the same problem.

Effects of Nail Biting
Boys experience more nail biting than girls after the age of 10 years old. Some adult will stop biting their nail after they achieve the age of 30 years and on. Nail biting would result normal nail growth being affected and create imperfect nails.

Other negative effect of nail biting is the skin at the fingertip near the nail will become more sensitive to pain stimulation and it can be infected by germs.

When children scratch with the germs infected nail from saliva, chance to get infection on the skin scratched is high. Sometimes bacteria that been underneath the damaged nail enters into the mouth and could cause intestinal infection. It could also cause gum infection.

Stopping Nail Biting and Thumb Sucking
There are several ways to avoid children from doing this habit. The first way is by making changes to the attitude itself that is by replacing the habit with more advantageous activity like drawing, writing and coloring.

The second way is by making physical deterrent such as ensuring the nails are always cut short, using glove to prevent of nail biting or putting bitter taste nail polish on the nail. Children psychiatrist can help in this treatment.

Sucking thumb also is a habit which is done by babies and children to calm themselves from problem or pressure. Thumb sucking is harmless.

Usually this problem happens to children aged two years old and stopped by its own when their age reached four years old. Just a few only continues having this habit up to their teenage age.

Most of them suck thumb for pleasure or when they experience stress or feel sad. If they still suck finger in adult age, pressure from friends would result this habit to stop on its own.

Parent need not to be worried or take action by scolding the child who have this habit, on the other hand, they should take positive approach.

Thumb sucking habit usually will not cause damage to normal teeth formation. Thumb sucking among small children can be replaced with sucking artificial nipple. For bigger children, parents can provide information in good ways about the bad thumb sucking habit and together with their children to seek a way to handle the problem.

Ten Tips to Cope With Stress

Tip 1
Take physical exercise, even if it's only walking. Your physical health affects how you experience stress.


Tip 2
Don't be tempted to work longer and longer hours. Try to work more effectively. Tiredness increases stress.


Tip 3
Break up your work into smaller chunks. Complete a job before you start the next one. The satisfaction of seeing a job done reduced stress.


Tip 4
Make an effort to keep up outside interests. If the only thing left in your life is your work, your worries will get out of proportion.


Tip 5
Pay attention to your social life. Talking to people who care about you is an important safety valve.

Tip 6
Don't lose your confidence. People in work always under-rate their knowledge and skills. Sometimes it's only when they lose their job that they discover exactly how much they know!


Tip 7
Take regular breaks from work, especially if you work at a screen or are in long meetings. You work BETTER if you take a short break every 20-30 minutes and if you do take a break over lunch.


Tip 8
Take time for your family if you have one. Close emotional relationships - particularly with partners and children - suffer greatly when someone is stressed.


Tip 9
Stress isn't a guilty secret. See how your company can help. Good companies want you to work at optimum levels....and they have a duty of care to your physical and mental health. Around 40% of large companies now have stress care programmes.


Tip 10
Set yourself targets for these areas; e.g. at least one walk a day; going to a club once a week. You'll feel a greater sense of control over your life.

Diabetes

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food people eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.

After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When people eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into the cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body in the urine. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

Diabetes Treatment

Self-Care at Home

If you or someone you know has diabetes, they would be wise to make healthful lifestyle choices in diet, exercise, and other health habits. These will help to improve glycemic (blood sugar) control and prevent or minimize complications of diabetes.

Diet: A healthy diet is key to controlling blood sugar levels and preventing diabetes complications.

* If the patient is obese and has had difficulty losing weight on their own, talk to a healthcare provider. He or she can recommend a dietitian or a weight modification program to help the patient reach a goal.

* Eat a consistent, well-balanced diet that is high in fiber, low in saturated fat, and low in concentrated sweets.

* A consistent diet that includes roughly the same number of calories at about the same times of day helps the healthcare provider prescribe the correct dose of medication or insulin.

* It will also help to keep blood sugar at a relatively even level and avoid excessively low or high blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous and even life-threatening.

Exercise: Regular exercise, in any form, can help reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Activity can also reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and leg ulcers.

* As little as 20 minutes of walking three times a week has a proven beneficial effect. Any exercise is beneficial; no matter how light or how long, some exercise is better than no exercise.

* If the patient has complications of diabetes (eye, kidney, or nerve problems), they may be limited both in type of exercise and amount of exercise they can safely do without worsening their condition. Consult with your health care provider before starting any exercise program.

Alcohol use: Moderate or eliminate consumption of alcohol. Try to have no more than seven alcoholic drinks in a week and never more than two or three in an evening. One drink is considered 1.5 ounces of liquor, 6 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer. Excessive alcohol use is a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Alcohol consumption can cause low or high blood sugar levels, nerve pain called neuritis, and increase in triglycerides, which is a type of fat in our blood.

Smoking: If the patient has diabetes, and you smoke cigarettes or use any other form of tobacco, they are raising the risks markedly for nearly all of the complications of diabetes. Smoking damages blood vessels and contributes to heart disease, stroke, and poor circulation in the limbs. If someone needs help quitting, talk to a healthcare provider.

Self-monitored blood glucose: Check blood sugar levels frequently, at least before meals and at bedtime, and record the results in a logbook.

* This log should also include insulin or oral medication doses and times, when and what the patient ate, when and for how long they exercised, and any significant events of the day such as high or low blood sugar levels and how they treated the problem.

* Better equipment now available makes testing blood sugar levels less painful and less complicated than ever. A daily blood sugar diary is invaluable to the healthcare provider in seeing how the patient is responding to medications, diet, and exercise in the treatment of diabetes.

* Medicare now pays for diabetic testing supplies, as do many private insurers and Medicaid.


Asthma

What is Asthma?

Asthma is very common among children, teens and adults. It is a disease that causes the airways of the lungs to tighten.

An asthma attack is when your lungs aren’t getting enough air to breathe. Your child might be having an asthma attack if he or she has:

* Trouble breathing
* Wheezing
* Coughing
* Chest pain
* Chest tightness



Preventing Attacks

Step 1: Talk to a Doctor

Talk to a doctor about your child’s asthma. If your child has asthma or if you think your child may have asthma, take your child to a doctor. Your doctor will work with you to keep your child from having asthma attacks.

* Learn what triggers your child’s asthma attacks.
* Identify asthma triggers in your home.
* Talk about ways to get rid of triggers in your home.
* Find out what medicine your child should take.


Step 2: Make a Plan

Ask your doctor to help you create your child’s Asthma Action Plan.

Work with your doctor to create an Asthma Action Plan that will help you learn to prevent your child’s asthma attacks.

An Asthma Action Plan will help you control your child's asthma on a regular basis.

Step 3: Asthma-Proof Your Home

Triggers are a part of everyday life.

Asthma attacks can be triggered by things like mold growing on your shower curtain or tiny dust mites that live in blankets, pillow, or your child's stuffed animals.

Tips to Maintain Healthy Levels of Cholesterol

Follow these tips to get healthy cholesterol levels to body:

* Lessen red meat, animal fat and dairy product diets.
* Lessen foods intake which are high in cholesterol like liver and certain seafood.
* Lessen foods intake with high in sugar and other simple carbohydrates.
* Take more fruits and fresh vegetables.

* Lecithin intakes can also help to prevent sedimentation and facilitate body fat removal.
* Continuously exercise; it helps to increase HDL cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein), thus reducing the total cholesterol.
* Avoid taking excessive alcohol because it contributes to the decline of HDL cholesterol level which then increases the risk of heart diseases.



Saturday, February 14, 2009

10 Essential Health Tips

The Basics to Practice Every Day

1. Move More
Make it a daily challenge to find ways to move your body. Climb stairs if given a choice between that and escalators or elevators. Walk your dog; chase your kids; toss balls with friends, mow the lawn. Anything that moves your limbs is not only a fitness tool, it's a stress buster. Think 'move' in small increments of time. It doesn't have to be an hour in the gym or a 45-minute aerobic dance class or tai chi or kickboxing. But that's great when you're up to it. Meanwhile, move more. Thought for the day: Cha, Cha, Cha…. Then do it!

2. Cut Fat
Avoid the obvious such as fried foods, burgers and other fatty meats (i.e. pork, bacon, ham, salami, ribs and sausage). Dairy products such as cheese, cottage cheese, milk and cream should be eaten in low fat versions. Nuts and sandwich meats, mayonnaise, margarine, butter and sauces should be eaten in limited amounts. Most are available in lower fat versions such as substitute butter, fat free cheeses and mayonnaise. Thought for the day: Lean, mean, fat-burning machine…. Then be one!

3. Quit Smoking
The jury is definitely in on this verdict. Ever since 1960 when the Surgeon General announced that smoking was harmful to your health, Americans have been reducing their use of tobacco products that kill. Just recently, we've seen a surge in smoking in adolescents and teens. Could it be the Hollywood influence? It seems the stars in every movie of late smoke cigarettes. Beware. Warn your children of the false romance or 'tough guy' stance of Hollywood smokers. Thought for the day: Give up just one cigarette…. the next one.

4. Reduce Stress
Easier said than done, stress busters come in many forms. Some techniques recommended by experts are to think positive thoughts. Spend 30 minutes a day doing something you like. (i.e.,Soak in a hot tub; walk on the beach or in a park; read a good book; visit a friend; play with your dog; listen to soothing music; watch a funny movie. Get a massage, a facial or a haircut. Meditate. Count to ten before losing your temper or getting aggravated. Avoid difficult people when possible. Thought for the day: When seeing red, think pink clouds….then float on them.

5. Protect Yourself from Pollution
If you can't live in a smog-free environment, at least avoid smoke-filled rooms, high traffic areas, breathing in highway fumes and exercising near busy thoroughfares. Exercise outside when the smog rating is low. Exercise indoors in air conditioning when air quality is good. Plant lots of shrubbery in your yard. It's a good pollution and dirt from the street deterrent. Thought for the day: 'Smoke gets in your eyes'…and your mouth, and your nose and your lungs as do pollutants….hum the tune daily.


6. Wear Your Seat Belt
Statistics show that seat belts add to longevity and help alleviate potential injuries in car crashes. Thought for the day: Buckle down and buckle up.

7. Floss Your Teeth
Recent studies make a direct connection between longevity and teeth flossing. Nobody knows exactly why. Perhaps it's because people who floss tend to be more health conscious than people who don't? Thought for the day: Floss and be your body's boss.

8. Avoid Excessive Drinking
While recent studies show a glass of wine or one drink a day (two for men) can help protect against heart disease, more than that can cause other health problems such as liver and kidney disease and cancer. Thought for the day: A jug of wine should last a long time.

9. Keep a Positive Mental Outlook
There's a definitive connection between living well and healthfully and having a cheerful outlook on life. Thought for the day: You can't be unhappy when you're smiling or singing.

10. Choose Your Parents Well
The link between genetics and health is a powerful one. But just because one or both of your parents died young in ill health doesn't mean you cannot counteract the genetic pool handed you. Thought for the day: Follow these basic tips for healthy living and you can better control your own destiny.


Helping Kids Enjoy More Fruits and Vegetables

It can be tough to get kids to eat a variety of fruits and vegetables. Don’t force the foods, but continue to offer a variety. Try these ideas:

Set a good example by eating fruits and vegetables yourself. You are a role model for your kids in so many ways. Eating is no exception. When your kids see you eating and enjoying fruits and vegetables, they will too.

Offer lots of choices. Give children a choice of fruits for lunch. Let them help decide on the dinner vegetables or what goes into the salad.



Let your children help. Kids enjoy helping in the kitchen, and are often more willing to eat foods they help choose and prepare. Depending on their ages, kids can help shop for, clean, and prepare fruits and vegetables.

Keep foods separate. Kids often prefer foods served separately. If they want to mix peas and corn, let them do it themselves.

10 tips for a Good Night's Sleep

1. Stick to a schedule. Mum was right when she set a time we always had to go to sleep as kids. Sticking to a schedule allows your body to set its internal rhythm so you can get up at the time you want, consistently, every single day. Also, make sure you try to keep the same schedule on weekends too, otherwise the next morning, you’d wake later and feel overly tired.

2. Sleep only at night. Avoid daytime sleep if possible. Daytime naps steal hours from nighttime slumber. Limit daytime sleep to 20-minute, power naps.

3. Exercise. It’s actually known to help you sleep better. Your body uses the sleep period to recover its muscles and joints that have been exercised. Twenty to thirty minutes of exercise every day can help you sleep, but be sure to exercise in the morning or afternoon. Exercise stimulates the body and aerobic activity before bedtime may make falling asleep more difficult.

4. Taking a hot shower or bath before bed helps bring on sleep because they can relax tense muscles.

5. Avoid eating just before bed. Give yourself at least 2 hours from when you eat to when you sleep. This allows for digestion to happen (or at least start) well before you go to sleep so your body can rest well during the night, rather than churning away your food.



6. Avoid caffeine. It keeps you awake and that’s now what you want for a good nights sleep. We all know that.

7. Read a fiction book. It takes you to a whole new world if you really get into it. And then take some time to ponder over the book as you fall asleep. I find as I read more and more, regardless of the book, I get more tired at night and so find it easier to fall asleep. Different for others?

8. Have the room slightly cooler. I prefer this to a hot room. I prefer to turn off the heat and allow the coolness to circulate in and out of the windows. If I get cold, I wear warmer clothes. It also saves on the bills as you’re not going to require the heat all night long.

9. Sleep in silence. I find sleeping with no music or TV on more easy and restful. I guess others are different, but sleep with no distractions is best for a clearer mind.

10. Avoid alcohol before bedtime. It’s a depressant; although it may make it easier to fall asleep, it causes you to wake up during the night. As alcohol is digested your body goes into withdrawal from the alcohol, causing nighttime awakenings and often nightmares for some people.


A Few Tips To Help You Stop Smoking

Got smoking problem? Want to quit the habit? Smoking has been the cause for numerous chronic diseases particularly in respiratory disease and cardiovascular diseases. To help you quit cigarette smoking, follow these quitting tips:

1. Quit cold turkey! In the long run it's the easiest, quickest, least expensive and most effective technique of smoking cessation. It only takes 72 hours before your blood becomes nicotine free and the symptoms of physical withdrawal reach their peak. There are over one billion "comfortable" ex-smokers on earth today and almost all of them quit cold turkey.

2. Our minds will quickly forget most of the reasons that made us want to quit smoking. Take the time now to write yourself a loving letter that will fully remind you of all your reasons for quitting. Keep your reasons letter with you and read it often.

3. Get rid of all your cigarettes. All of them! Tell friends and family that you've started a new nicotine free life. Commit completely to your healing!

4. Quit smoking one day at a time. Do not concern yourself with next year, next month, next week or even tomorrow. Concentrate on not smoking from the time you wake-up until you go to sleep. Be patient with your healing. Baby steps!

5. Attitude is extremely important because we are what we think! If we allow our mind to dwell upon negative thoughts like "quitting is hard" and that we're "depriving ourselves of smoking" we can make ourselves miserable. If we allow our mind to dwell upon positive notions like our freedom and healing are wonderful and glorious, or that we're doing ourselves a favor, our journey home can be awesome.

6. Be proud of yourself for not smoking! Don't rely upon others for your self pride.

7. Symptoms such as headache, inability to concentrate, dizziness, time perception distortions and the ubiquitous sweet tooth encountered by many, can be the result of a blood sugar drop that occurs after quitting. Help your body adjust by avoiding white sugar products and by putting small amounts of food (fuel) into your body at least every three hours. Always leave room for more food but never allow yourself to feel hungry. Get your sugar from juices and fruits (cranberry juice is excellent).

8. Be aware that many routine situations will trigger a crave for nicotine. Situations which may trigger a response include: after meals, talking on the phone, driving, drinking, reading, coffee, alcohol, setting in a bar or pub, social events with smoking friends, or even activities like card games. Try to maintain your normal routine while quitting. If any event seems to be tough, leave it and go back to it later. Do not feel you must give up any activity forever. Everything you did as a smoker, you will learn to do at least as well, and maybe better, as an ex-smoker.

9. Drink plenty of fruit juice the first three days. It not only helps flush nicotine from your system it will also help raise your blood sugar level. Also, divide your body weight by two. Use the resulting number as the number of ounces of daily water that your body and lungs need for proper healing and flushing.

10. To help avoid weight gain, eat vegetables and fruit instead of candies and pastries. Celery and carrots can be used safely as short-term substitutes for cigarettes. Smoking was your body old cue that your meal had ended. Find a new cue.


11. If you are concerned about weight gain, do some moderate form of regular exercise. If you have not been exercising regularly, consult your physician for a practical exercise program which is safe for you.

12. If you encounter a crisis, (e.g. a flat tire, flood, argument, family illness, finances) while quitting, remember, smoking is no solution. Smoking will just complicate the original situation while creating another crisis - full and complete nicotine relapse.

13. Be honest! Truly see yourself as "addicted to nicotine" because you are! Just one puff and you will either immediately or shortly thereafter experience full and complete relapse back to your prior level of nicotine use or higher. Don't look at it as taking just "ONE" puff, look at it as taking them all back. Picture them all.

14. Don't debate with yourself how much you want a "cigarette". You don't crave a cigarette any more than the heroin addict craves a needle. The cigarette and needle are simply drug delivery devices. What you want is the drug inside.

15. Save the money you usually spend on cigarettes and buy yourself something you really want after a week or a month. Save for a year and you can treat yourself to a vacation.

16. Practice deep breathing exercises when you have a craving. Breathe slowly and deeply into the bottom of each lung while clearing your mind of needless chatter.

17. Visualize the challenges ahead (stress, tremendous joy, weight gain, boredom, an accident, a serious illness, the death of a loved one, a funeral, financial problems, the end of a relationship, drinking, extended periods of time around a smoker) and picture yourself successfully overcoming each of them.

18. Climb out of your deep smoker's rut and begin living your new life. Engage in activities that require more than an hour to complete and challenge your new body.

19. Ask yourself how you'd feel about going back to your old level of consumption. Quitting smoking is one of the few propositions in the world where being 99% successful means 100% defeat. It's an all or nothing proposition.

20. Remember that there are only two good reasons to take a puff once you quit. You decide you want to go back to your old level of consumption until smoking cripples and then kills you, or, you decide you really enjoy withdrawal and you want to make it last forever. As long as neither of these options appeals to you - NEVER TAKE ANOTHER PUFF!


What to Do If Your Child Have Fever

Normal body temperature ranges between 36 and 37 degree C. Body temperature that exceeds 37.7 degree C suggest a fever. However, temperatures level elevation does not necessarily be an accurate sign of illness. Fever is not a disease but is a sign of disease. Beside disease, child body temperature varies with time and his activities. For example, a child body temperature may exceed 38 degree C after he played football.

A Clinical Thermometer
Monitor your child body temperature when he is on a fever.
Is this a serious situation?

For less than 6 months old baby, body temperature which exceeded 37.7 degree C is a serious situation. If the body temperature stays high, convulsion (seizure) risk to happen is high.

What is the first action?
  1. If you suspect your child to have fever, take his body temperature. Then take his body temperature again after 20 minutes to see whether his body temperature has changed. Record each reading.
  2. Lay the child in bed and take off his clothing though the room is not hot. Child that has fever only needs to be covered with thin cloth.
  3. If your child body temperature exceeds 40 degree C, warm wipe your child body to lower his body temperature. Take his body temperature each five minutes and stop wiping as the body temperature fall to 38 degree C. Do not use cold water to wipe as this would shrinks the vein and prevents heat loss. This will result the body temperature to become increasingly higher.
  4. Give the child paracetamol syrup only after other ways failed to reduce the fever. Do not ever give aspirin to a child that shows sign of chickenpox or influenza because research showed relations between recruitment of aspirin and formation of Reye’s syndrome.
  5. Encourage the child to drink plenty of water. Give the child water to drink for several times in a day.


Do I need to see a doctor?

* Bring your child to see a doctor immediately if the child is a baby under six months old.
* Bring the child to a doctor immediately if the child experience convulsion (seizure), child ever experienced convulsion or there are among of your family member who have experienced febrile convulsion.
* Bring the child to a doctor immediately if the fever exceeds 24 hours or if you are worry with any sign of disease arouses on your child.


What are the doctor actions?

Treatment period depends to the cause of fever. If the cause is bacterial infection, doctor might provide antibiotic. If the cause is disease like chickenpox or influenza, no drug would be given. Only advice given about the way to ensure your child is in a comfortable position.

How I can help?

* Often replace the child bed-sheet and blanket him with thin cloth only.
* Put a damp towel on the child’s forehead.
* Do not wake your child to take his temperature. Sleep is more important to him.

Small Steps to Diabetes Prevention

Recent studies have proven that people at high risk for type 2 diabetes can often prevent or delay the onset of diabetes with 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and by losing 5 to 7% of their body weight. In other words, you don’t have to knock yourself out to prevent diabetes. The key is: small steps lead to big rewards. Here are some tips that might help.

EASY STEPS to increase activity:

* Put away the TV remote control and get up to change the channel.
* Try walking around the house while you talk on the phone.
* Park the car farther away from stores, movie theaters or your office.
* Get off the bus one stop early, if you are in a safe place to walk.
* Visit museums, the zoo or an aquarium. These are great ways to be active with your family.


EAT RIGHT. Try some of these tips to get started:

* You don’t have to cut out the foods you love to eat. Just cut down on the amount you eat, and eat them less often.
* Try to keep meat, poultry and fish servings down to three ounces - that’s about the size of a deck of cards.
* Try to eat three sensible meals at regular times throughout the day.
* Eat more fresh fruit, veggies, nuts and whole grains.
* Limit fried foods. Baking and broiling are healthier ways to eat meat, chicken and fish.
* When eating out, share large portions.
From National Institutes of Health

Remember, everything begins with the one small steps.

Preventing Hepatitis

While there are treatments for some types of hepatitis, it is still a potentially dangerous disease. To prevent it:

* Wash your hands after going to the bathroom and before fixing food or eating.
* Use latex condoms, which may lower the risk of transmission.
* Avoid tap water when traveling to certain countries or regions. Ask your doctor about risks before you travel or call the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention at 877-FYI-TRIP.
* Don't share drug needles.
* Don't share personal items - such as toothbrushes, razors and nail clippers - with an infected person.

Tips to Avoid Mindless Eating

People seem to gain weight easily but have a hard time taking it off. Healthy eating can play an important role in helping you avoid excess weight. Here are some tips to help you avoid mindless eating:

* Be aware of the size and shape of containers. It's the amount of food that counts, not what it looks like.

* Serve food on smaller plates and bowls. Empty plates and bowls cue some people to stop eating.

* Use nutrition labels, paying attention to the serving size listed. Consider the facts; don’t guess at how many calories you're eating.

* Look past the packaging. A food's package or the language on a menu can lead you to actually like a food better, increasing your chance of overeating.

* Keep visual reminders of how much you're eating. Keep wrappers, empty containers, bones and other reminders of how much you've eaten nearby.

* Think about eating a healthier meal. Don't just focus on separate parts of the meal.

* Control your purchases. Don't let signs lead you to buy more than you need.

Mind what you eat. Take care for your health.

Preventing Lower Back Pain Tips

Keeping your back healthy is the best way to prevent lower back injury thus preventing lower back pain. These are several practical things you can do:

  • Do some regular, low-impact exercises like walking, swimming, or stationary bike riding 30 minutes a day, it can increase muscle strength and flexibility. Yoga can also help stretch and strengthen muscles and improve posture. Always stretch before exercise or other strenuous physical activity to prevent back injury.

  • A man with back pain.Don't try to lift objects too heavy for you. Lift by bending your knees, not your back; keep your back straight and your head down and in line with your back. Keep the object close to your body, and don't twist when lifting.

  • Try to practice good posture. Your back supports your weight most easily when it is straight. Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes. When standing, keep your weight balanced on both feet. Keep your shoulders back and don't slouch.

  • Sleeping on a firm surface on your side helps your back.



* When sitting, try to use a chair with good lower back support. A pillow or rolled-up towel placed behind the small of your back might help. Make sure your work surfaces, like your keyboard, are at a comfortable height. If you have to sit for a long period of time, rest your feet on a low stool or a stack of books. Switch sitting positions often, and walk around the office and gently stretch your muscles every so often to relieve tension.

* If you smoke, quit; smoking reduces blood flow to the lower spine and causes the spinal discs to degenerate.

* Eat a healthy diet with enough calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D to help promote new bone growth.

* Keep extra weight off your waistline, where it can strain your lower back.

Practice these simple tips to prevent yourself from getting lower back injury. Keep healthy.

Tips to Prevent Skin Cancer

Here are a few things that you can do to avoid skin cancer:

* Wear protective clothing, such as sun hats and long sleeves, to block out the sun's harmful rays.

* Avoid exposure to the midday sun, when your shadow is shortest (i.e when the sun in straight on above your head).



* Do a simple skin self-exam regularly for anything unusual, like a change in the texture, size, or color of a mole, or a sore that does not heal.

* Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15, reapplying frequently. But be careful not to let sunscreen encourage you to spend even more time in the sun.

Remember, protect yourself from skin cancer.

Tips to Help Your Memory

Here are some ways to help your memory:

* Learn a new skill.
* Volunteer in your community, school, or place of worship.
* Spend time with friends and family whenever possible.
* Use memory tools such as big calendars, to-do lists, and notes to yourself.
* Put your wallet or purse, keys, and glasses in the same place each day.
* Get lots of rest.
* Exercise and eat well.
* Don't drink a lot of alcohol.
* Get help if you feel depressed for weeks at a time.

Preventing Food Poisoning Tips

Here are some basic tips to avoid being 'food poisoned'. They are quite straight forward and easy:

* Wash your hands with hot, soapy water before and after touching food.
* Cook food thoroughly and at a high enough temperature to kill harmful bacteria.
* Keep raw meat, poultry or seafood and their juices away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods.
* Keep kitchen items, like utensils, counter tops and cutting boards, clean.
* Keep cold food cold and hot food hot.
* Refrigerate food within 2 hours after cooking. Set your refrigerator at 40°F or lower and your freezer at 0°F.
* Never defrost food on the kitchen counter. Use the refrigerator, cold running water or a microwave oven.

Take care of your stomach. Prevent food poisoning.

Reason Why We Must Drink Water

A person can live a few weeks without food. But without water, the most endurance person can live just for 4 to 5 days only.

Water has the following functions:

1. To transport nutrition to the whole body through the blood and spleen system.
2. To smooth out the body excretory system through urine and feces.
3. Becoming a media for biochemistry reaction in the body.
4. To soften up foods to ease chewing.
5. Preserving the body temperature.



Apart from the function above, drinking a lot of water avoid the body from dehydration or liquid deficiency. Insufficient liquid can give adverse impact to body's condition. Body not only can easily become tired but skin also become dries quickly, brain become difficult to give attention, muscle become easy to cramp and the kidney may get damaged.

So, from now on don't forget to drink plenty of water. Don't only drink water when you get thirsty. Drink all the time. Try these tips:

1. Do not forget put a drink in your table. Besides taking plain water, try alternating with other drink such as juice, milk or tea.
2. Bring drinking water wherever you go.
3. Teach children about the importance of drinking water.


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